We have moved! Please visit us at ANTHROECOLOGY.ORG. This website is for archival purposes only.

Click to view Wildlands Map Anthropogenic Biomes of the World



Wildlands, lands without evidence of human occupation or land use, currently occupy about 20% of Earth's ice-free land.  Wildlands are not truly anthromes, as they represent the remaining wild biome area of our planet.  Three wildlands anthromes were identified based on their relative cover by trees and bare soil.  In general, these anthromes are either non-productive because of unfavorable climates, or are forests that have not been cut in historic times.


Wild Forests

Sparse Trees

Wild Forest

Sparse Trees




Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]