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Anthropogenic Biomes of the World
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Remote Rangelands

Remote Rangelands

The Remote Rangeland anthrome is essentially wild with little sign of human activity.  Remote rangelands are vast wide open pastures occupied by free roaming livestock as well as wild animals in a mosaic of grassland and barren landscape.

The constituent ecoregions of the remote rangelands anthrome are some of the most isolated biomes on the planet having zero urban land area.  Over one third of the anthrome is bare earth and another that is pasture.  While remote rangelands are not used as settlements for human populations they are still used by humans to keep livestock.


Median* Min Max
Mean Annual Temperature 15.3 °C -19.4 °C 30.6 °C
Mean Annual Precipitation 247
Net Primary Production Global Total Median Min Max
1015g C/yr (%) kg C/m²/yr
2.8 (5.5%)
0.10 0 1.59


Global Total Median Min Max
billion persons (%) persons/km²
Total 0.0 (0%)
0 0 1
Non-Urban 0.0 (0%)
0 0 1

Land Use & Land Cover


Global Total
Median Min Max
million km2 (%) (cover %)
Total Land Area 21 (16%) N/A
Urban 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Cultivated 0.7 (4.5%) 0.0% 0.0% 73%
Irrigated 0.03 (1.1%) 0.0% 0.0% 10%
Rice Paddy 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 1.1%
Pasture 9.54 (34%) 43% 0.0% 100%
Tree Cover 0.58 (2.1%) 0.2% 0.0% 48%
Bare Earth 12 (35%) 55% 0.0% 100%
*Median, Minimum and Maximum estimates were calculated after removing the top and bottom 2% of cells in each anthrome based on the Euclidean distance across the means of variables used for anthrome classification.

Major Ecoregions (Olson)

% cover
Sahara Desert 4.5
North Saharan Steppe and Woodlands 2.9
Kazakh Semi-Dessert 2.7
Central Tibetan Plateau Alpine Steppe 2.5
Patagonian Steppe 2.4
Click to View All Histograms for this Anthrome
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Return to Rangelands Index
Photo: ICARDA Photo, Zaid Abdul-Hadi, Ph.D

Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]