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Anthropogenic Biomes of the World
Croplands Anthromes >

Remote Croplands

Remote Croplands

The Remote Cropland anthrome is almost entirely agriculture with no significant human population, few exceptions.  More than half of all the areas designated as remote cropland were > 66% agriculture.  Bare earth and pasture round out these remote spaces.

This anthrome is dominated by savanna, grasslands, and plains, and all of the top five constituent ecoregions are in North America.  The exploitation of these otherwise pristine areas for agriculture is commonplace throughout North America West of the Mississippi River, which has earned the nickname the "bread basket of the world".  It is undoubtedly agribusiness influence that has lead to more remote locations being used for intensive agriculture. 


Median* Min Max
Mean Annual Temperature 11.0 �C -15.0 �C 30.4 �C
Mean Annual Precipitation 461
Net Primary Production Global Total Median Min Max
1015g C/yr (%) kg C/m�/yr
0.4 (0.8%)
0.27 0 2.16


Global Total Median Min Max
billion persons (%) persons/km
Total 0.0 (0%)
0 0 128
Non-Urban 0.0 (0%)
0 0 1

Land Use & Land Cover


Global Total
Median Min Max
million km2 (%) (cover %)
Total Land Area 1.0 (0.8%) N/A
Urban 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 5.6%
Cultivated 0.51 (3.4%) 67% 0.0% 100%
Irrigated 0.1 (3.6%) 1.2% 0.0% 100%
Rice Paddy 0.01 (0.6%) 0.0% 0.0% 39%
Pasture 0.24 (0.9%) 15% 0.0% 100%
Tree Cover 0.14 (0.5%) 3.3% 0.0% 84%
Bare Earth 0.17 (0.5%) 15% 0.0% 100%
*Median, Minimum and Maximum estimates were calculated after removing the top and bottom 2% of cells in each anthrome based on the Euclidean distance across the means of variables used for anthrome classification.

Major Ecoregions (Olson)

% cover
Western Short Grasslands 12.9
Northern Mixed Grasslands 9.0
Central and Southern Mixed Grasses 7.1
Northern Short Grasslands 6.7
Canadian Aspen Forests and Parklands 5.9
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PHOTO: Colombia Basin, Washington, USA.
Credit: � GWMA by permission: http://www.gwma.org/images/CroplandAdjusted.jpg

Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]