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Anthropogenic Biomes of the World
Croplands Anthromes >

Populated Irrigated Cropland

Populated Irrigated Cropland

The Populated Irrigated Cropland anthrome has a minor human population and expansive agricultural lands.  Variations in climate require much of this anthrome to be irrigated in order to support the agricultural use of this land.  A mix of forest and pasture take up the remainder of this anthrome though not with any great area thus land use and land cover falls into a variety of smaller categories.

Found all over the world the populated irrigated cropland anthrome is not even specific to a broad conventional biome category as it can be found in grasslands, forests, and deserts.  This illustrates how humans transform their environments to suit their needs, in the case of this anthrome, more cropland was achieved by extensive irrigation.


Median* Min Max
Mean Annual Temperature 16.9 °C -9.4 °C 30.5 °C
Mean Annual Precipitation 651
Net Primary Production Global Total Median Min Max
1015g C/yr (%) kg C/m²/yr
0.4 (0.7%)
0.40 0 2.10


Global Total Median Min Max
billion persons (%) persons/km²
Total 0.01 (0.2%)
5 1 1866
Non-Urban 0.01 (0.3%)
4 1 10

Land Use & Land Cover


Global Total
Median Min Max
million km2 (%) (cover %)
Total Land Area 0.73 (0.6%) N/A
Urban 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 9.5%
Cultivated 0.25 (1.7%) 26% 0.0% 100%
Irrigated 0.18 (6.6%) 23% 0.0% 100%
Rice Paddy 0.06 (3.5%) 0.0% 0.0% 88%
Pasture 0.17 (0.6%) 13% 0.0% 100%
Tree Cover 0.14 (0.5%) 7.5% 0.0% 80%
Bare Earth 0.13 (0.4%) 3.8% 0.0% 100%
*Median, Minimum and Maximum estimates were calculated after removing the top and bottom 2% of cells in each anthrome based on the Euclidean distance across the means of variables used for anthrome classification.

Major Ecoregions (Olson)

% cover
Uruguayan Savanna 5.7
Mississippi Lowland Forest 5.2
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian Xeric Shrublands 3.3
Central and Southern Mixed Grasslands 3.2
Western Short Grasslands 3.1
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Return to Croplands Index
Photo: Goéland, 2008, GNU Free Documentation license

Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]