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GROUP: infill and dumping (in)
DEFINITION: infill & dumping areas in use or <40% annual vegetation cover. USE = Mine & Fill. If covered with rock, debris, or minerals to create a sealed surface, use COVER = S, otherwise use COVER = E. Does not include constructed surfaces sealed by concrete, asphalt or other paving. Use of feature must be dumping or filling at the time of mapping: does not include temporary storage areas where materials reside for < 2 years.

Table of Contents


  1. Object
    1. surface dumping area = active, generic, surface dumping area without an anthropogenic pit (not FORM = EX or AN). Includes surfaces that are not flat, such as river edges.
    2. open pit dump = active, generic, pit-filling dumping area, where the pit is anthropogenic (FORM = EX, or AN, if <30 m).
    3. sanitary landfill = active, multi-layered landfill operated by professional waste managers. Includes all areas of dump with <40% annual vegetation growth (FORM = EX, MO, or AN).
  2. Modifier 1 (dumped material)
    1. Objects except sanitary landfill
      1. refuse = >50% household or other non-industrial, non-construction waste
      2. non-refuse debris = construction waste, industrial waste, <50% refuse,
      3. transported earth/minerals = soil, rock, minerals.
  3. Scale (of facility)
    1. small <30 m
    2. large >30 m


  1. surface dumping area
    1. refuse
      1. small <30 m = in01
      2. large >30 m = in02
    2. non-refuse debris
      1. small <30 m = in03
      2. large >30 m = in04
    3. non-refuse debris
      1. small <30 m = in05
      2. large >30 m = in06
  2. open pit dump
    1. refuse
      1. small <30 m = in07
      2. large >30 m = in08
    2. non-refuse debris
      1. small <30 m = in09
      2. large >30 m = in10
  3. sanitary landfill = in30

Dominance Rules

  1. IF TYPE is mixed or unclear:
    1. Choose transported earth/minerals over non-refuse debris over refuse.
    2. Choose surface dumping area over open pit dump.


Leaf Type: none
Leaf Time: none
Tree Cover: <10%
Vegetation Cover: <10%
Height: 0m
IGBP_DIS: Urban and built-up
L1 Minimum: >5m
L2 Minimum: >2m

Compatible Classes



Anthropogenic Mounded


Mine & Fill


Sealed Bare soil Annual Mixed


Mapped Ecotopes

ANMEin01 ANMEin03 ANMEin04  

Citation for AEM: Ellis E. C., H. Wang, H. Xiao, K. Peng, X. P. Liu, S. C. Li, H. Ouyang, X. Cheng, and L. Z. Yang. 2006. Measuring long-term ecological changes in densely populated landscapes using current and historical high resolution imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment 100(4):457-473.